History Of New Rochelle, NY
An Early History Of New Rochelle
Thomas Paine Museum
Development of Police Department
The Arcade Building
519 Main Street
Main Street New Rochelle
New Rochelle Public Library
Former National City Bank
Memorable Historical Events
History Of New Rochelle, NY
An Early History Of New RochelleThe history of New Rochelle, NY begins from the Siwanoy Indians in 1654. They sold their land. Thomas Pell purchases the Pelham Manor tract. He then resold this land in 1689 to Huguenots. The modern New Rochelle was established by the Europeans. The early history of New Rochelle, NY shows that the small lakes were the core part of the city along with the amusing forest. That was considered very ideal for the settlement of the local people.
The Siwanoys were very habitual in celebrating their harvest ceremonies. They gathered around a stone having a knob. This knob represents the Indian art. This stone is now the part of Brewster School House and Thomas Paine Cottage.
Adrian Block was the first man who visited the Siwanoys. He was a Dutchman who sailed in a ship. This was the first ship that was made by the European Americans. The Block Island was named after the Adrian Block. Then there were French who arrive there at the end of 1680. They named the city La Rochelle.
It can be clearly seen that most of the settlements in America have discrete French societies. The founders had a clear impact on the history of New Rochelle, NY. Until 1760, the French refugees continued to fascinate towards the city. The name of the city showed a clear influence of the French colonies there. At that time the frequently spoken language was French. The people felt very free to send their children to other areas for education and to learn the language.
The early history of New Rochelle, NY shows that there were only 44 families. The population data of today shows that there are almost 70,000 people. This city was mainly developed by the farming community. The land was accessible to the New York City both by land and water. It was very crucial for the community to develop their relationship in order to survive better.
Economic SituationThe early economic situation of the New Rochelle showed that the village possessed a vast land for agricultural purposes. Due to increased growth of the New York City, most of the families migrated towards these areas. The Huguenots, who had a leading control over the power and social structure, were dwindling in size. In 1802, a toll house was constructed on Main Street in order to collect money and to improve the economic condition of the city. Initially, 10 cents were charged for the carts and four cents for the rider of the horse.
The first mill that was built in 1801 considered the largest mill of the country. This mill was constructed by the Mott family. The flour of the mills was exported to Europe. The house of the Mott family was later used as a stop on the underground rail station.
The Crystal Lake is one of the famous lakes of the state and has a chief role in the history of New Rochelle, NY. It was mainly recognized because of the purity of its water. The Crystal Lake of the city gave an advantage to the city as the ice industry was established there in 1849. The creators of the industry also purchased the adjacent areas in order to expand the business and to use the entire area for other developmental purposes. The plan went superbly as the industry started the supply to the entire New York.
Thomas Paine MuseumThe history of New Rochelle, NY shows that the most famous person of the New Rochelle was the Thomas Paine. He was no doubt a person with radical thinking. It is also said that he gave zeal to the revolution of America. Common sense was the main political tract of the Thomas Paine. It provoked many minds and played a major role in making a new history of today’s America.
He will be remembered in the history of New Rochelle, NY as he gave a motive and passion to American Revolution. Thomas Paine Museum at North Avenue and Thomas Paine Cottage at Sicard Avenue are named after Thomas Paine. These museums are open to the public during summer, winter and spring season. The Thomas Paine museum has a lot of stuff including maps, papers, books and the leaflets. These things are related to the history and this material is only accessible by the scholars.
The other place is the Paine Park. It is also worth seeing as there is an Indian stone image. A notable Huguenot bridge is also built here. There is also a 1800s milestone created memorizing that the city is only 19 miles from the New York.
The burying ground of the Huguenots was banished by the New England expressway. That was detached to the Trinity Church Yard. The prehistoric markers can be easily seen here. The Huguenots Monument is in Hudson Park. It is believed that the French pioneers landed here for the first time. This also bears the name of 15 families. These families were recognized when the early history of New Rochelle, NY was revealed.
19th CenturyThe early history of New Rochelle, NY shows that the basic urbanization of the city started in the early years of 19th century. The industrialization also boosted during these years. The largest flour mill of the country was constructed at that time. It is believed to be constructed in 1801. In 1802, a toll house was also built. It was constructed on Westchester Turnpike. It became a spot for construction of houses, markets and stores. New Haven and New York railroad was completed in 1848. It connected both cities. Now a day it is known as Metro Norths New Haven line.
There were a number of advancements that have been made in the 19th century. A large number of fundamental institutions were developed. “Pioneer” was the city’s first newspaper. It started publication in 1860. The accessibility to the New York City also made much advancement. The city was linked by steamboat. In 1879, it led to the establishment of the Glen Island Park. This park has a zoo, museum, beach and German Garden.
In 1881, the smallpox epidemic led to the creation of the City Board of Health. To improve the transportation, horse car lines were developed in 1886. It improved the overall performance of the transportation.
The history of New Rochelle, NY has seen a massive development in 1890s. The population was increased significantly. To attract the residential area and the local tourist, Beech Mont Lake was developed.
20th CenturyIn 1899, the town and the village of the New Rochelle were merged as a city of New Rochelle. After that, the city experienced the massive development. The residential parks, waterfronts, business regions, rail services and a healthy school system this all was the part of the city of New Rochelle.
The 20th century also depicted significant changes in the history of New Rochelle, NY. The city board made a plan to improve the condition of the New Rochelle city. A twenty years program was also introduced to boost the economy and to meet the demands of the new century. However, developers confronted the worst problem whether to encourage or deject the housing in the downtown city. The city was facing the nastiest problem of parking in the commercial area. It was one of the busiest parts of the city that is why the city management authorities were looking for the options to tackle the situation. Finally, they decided that the apartments and dwellings both have the place.
The city experienced the best time by establishing the greatest plans of shopping malls, entertainment and good transportation services. The population of the New Rochelle reached 50,000 plus and at that time the residents had highest per capita income than any other city residents in the state.
Development of Police DepartmentThe history of New Rochelle, NY has witnessed many changes. A strong and reliable structure developed at the end of the century. More and more advancements were made to correct the legal system of the city and to support their residents.
In 1885, the town of the New Rochelle established its first professional police department. Before establishing the police department the residents were mainly surviving by employing their constables in order to maintain the overall law situation. This system was established in the entire country and until the mid of the nineteenth century, this system was successfully prevailing. With the passage of time, as the population began to grow this system became ineffective. The situation became out of control and to tackle the problems a strong police department system became mandatory.
Most of the American cities began to adopt the professional police department system. Later on, the smaller cities like New Rochelle also adopt the system in order to implement the law enforcement services of the city. When the New Rochelle embraced the system, then the department comprised of only four officers. One was the captain and other three were the rounds men. They were devoted for patrols and to perform the other basic duties of the police.
Downtown HistoryAt the start of the 21st century, the New Rochelle city had commenced an enormous development of its downtown area. This development was gigantic in the history of New Rochelle, NY. An entertainment complex was built with 190 million dollars. That was nicknamed as New Roc City. It features 19 screen movie theaters, restaurants, hotel, housing apartments and shopping malls. Two luxurious residencies were also built. The buildings which had been vacant for many years have been converted into residential complexes.
Tourism has also played a vital role in the history of New Rochelle, NY. The revenue generated from the tourism supported the country greatly to develop and implement the new plans for the development. A large number of advancements were made to develop and improve the condition of the city and to encourage the tourism. A large number of hotels, restaurants, recreational parks and libraries were developed. The diversity of the food, open hall conferences, educational trips at libraries, access to the natural parks and zoo attracted the tourist from all around the world. This played a significant role in developing and enhancing the economic condition of the downtown city.
The modern New Rochelle is totally different from its past picture. There are many shopping malls, an improved school system, libraries, parklands, beaches and much more.
The Arcade BuildingThis building is one of the best examples of stunning transformations in the history of New Rochelle, NY. In 1997, the actual exterior of the building was preserved by the authorities by making few changes. Now the building is transformed into a wonderful curtain shop and general store.
The original building was destroyed in a fire in early 1997 and after that, a bigger and much better building was constructed. It was the popular destination for many people as it comprised of cafeterias, gyms, spa, meeting halls and shops. The gym of the Arcade included basement lanes and roof-top garden.
A large number of well-equipped stores and brands grew here. Over the course of time, the building contained photo studio, Women’s wear shops, The Hat Box and Dodd’s Bakery.
519 Main Street519 Main Street has a remarkable value in the history of New Rochelle, NY. The detailed artwork of the glazed ceramics makes the place prominent among others. There are detailed symbols of 1800-1900. A lot of ceramic work can be found here. Most of the work is related to molded shapes of fruits, faces and shells.
The buildings in the 519 street are considered to be restored here soon. The restoration process is done with the help of BID Façade renovation Program. This program is recognized as one of the best programs in the preservation of the historical landmarks. The special grants have been given to the BID program to accomplish the project of restoration of the 519 street and its adjacent areas.
Main Street New RochelleThe Main Street is basically a reflection of the history of New Rochelle, NY. It is simply a way to understand the history of New Rochelle, NY in a better way. It has changed so much with the passage of time but its history represents the antiquity of progression of the city.
The community of the New Rochelle mainly relied on the shops of the Main Street. The community basically belonged to the farming profession in 1700. When the New Rochelle became a hotspot then the picture of the Main Street also changed. The New Rochelle became the prevalent resort destination. With this, more businesses started to flourish here. These activities redesigned the main street.
After becoming the resort destination, more business throve here. The steamboat started traveling in Long Island Sound. It resulted in the opening of many new and advance hotels in nearby areas. Many shops were opened in the Main Street and most of them were easily accessible by the public. The real estate flourished after that and more people started to buy property here. A diverse community structure built here after that and neighborhood started to grow faster. More and more advancements were made after that. The material of the buildings was changed. The more advance and durable material was used for the construction of the buildings. To improve the overall looks of the street, the concentration was diverted towards designing and infrastructure.
The condition of the transportation also gets changed. Along with the city center, more and more facilities were focused to provide to the local people. The gas stations outside the city center were built to ease the travelers. Parking spaces were built to accommodate more and more vehicles of the growing population.
New Rochelle Public LibraryNew Rochelle Public Library was built in 1979. The library has got a National Award for Excellence for library architecture. This library is considered among the best libraries in the history of New Rochelle, NY city. It serves as the best place to educate the students and other intellectuals. It is the basic educational center of the city that serves hundreds and thousands of the people. The famous artist Norman Rockwell also worked here from 1913 to 1939. He used to live here and played a very major role in developing the artistic sense of the community. The green library was created by the city of New Rochelle and Westchester to calm the rising population of the downtown.
Former National City BankBanks are the symbol of influence and money. In the late nineteenth century when most of the banks of the state got their start, they were not so advanced. These banks were usually shaped by the local entities. The banks were located at the main sites of the city just like the churches. This bank was established in 1899. The first president of the National Bank was the Herman Henneberger. This bank was present at a very prominent location of the city and then it was only a single building. The construction was very brilliant that depicted the sense of pride. The Henry Bacon was one of the country’s leading architects, he was appointed to redesign the architecture of the bank in 1923.
ParksA large number of parks have been the part of the history of New Rochelle, NY. With the advancements of the city and development of downtown, there was a strong need to develop the recreational parks and spots to attract the tourist and local people. So a big number of parks were incorporated in the city map.
Just off the Pelham Road, the Hudson Park is one of the major waterfront parks of the New Rochelle. It is one of the best recreational areas that entertain the public. It has two beaches which are open for the tourist and the public. Parking is only allowed to the residents. The awesome view of the waterfront park along with its green meadows attracts the tourists. Another one is the Daven Port Park, which gives a beautiful look of green pastures. Other two parks which are renowned for the tourists are Ward Acres and Huguenot Park. Huguenot Park is mainly famous because of its twin lakes while on the other hand, Ward Acres has hiking tracks. Other advancements that were made included the conservation of the natural habitats of the wildlife. A butterfly zoo and a botanical garden were also made for the research purposes. The basic purpose of these projects was to save the unique species of the butterflies, saving the plants and to conduct research on regular basis. The students are also allowed to visit the site and to become part of the community.
Memorable Historical EventsThe history of New Rochelle, NY exercised a strong influence on the development of social changes. A lot of happenings occur during this era:
An anti-slavery society was formed in 1833. Lucretia Mott was the founder of the movement. The women suffrage movement was also defended by this Quaker later. There is a Mott family home in New Rochelle that is usually used as a stop on the railroad.
The population of the town expanded in 1849 when a new stop was built in New Rochelle by New York and New Haven Railroad. After that the town became commemorated in George Cohan play.
The worlds famous artists like Norman Rockwell and Frederick Remington also belongs to the New Rochelle. In the early years of the 20th century the Glen Island was dedicated as a hub for the bands. This generated a lot of good artists and New Rochelle became a hub of studios.